A normal occlusion is desirable because it allows the oral functions to function properly, offers the best aesthetics and helps prevent disease. Whenever normal occlusion does not occur in the mouth, it is called a malocclusion. Malocclusion can affect dental disease, chewing, speech and aesthetics (especially facial profile) and other functions of the oral cavity. Malocclusion can occur for a variety of reasons. These include heredity, trauma, disease and habits (such as thumb sucking).
Occlusion is designated according to certain classifications. Figure 9 shows the relationship between teeth and variations in malocclusion classifications. It is based on how the maxillary and mandibular first molars come into contact with each other when the teeth are closed. The common system used to classify occlusion is called the Angle classification system. Class I is considered a normal occlusion. Classes II and III are considered malocclusive and have different divisions.
How to treat occlusion problems?
Balancing : This malocclusion treatment consists of adjusting the biting surface of your teeth to improve their function. Dental or occlusal balancing is a relatively gentle procedure that usually involves fixing one or more teeth to create a stronger bite that prevents dental stress on each individual tooth
Restorative treatment : Dental crowns can be added to your teeth to correct your bite and align it properly.
Orthodontics : If you have an "incorrect" or ineffective bite that is causing you more problems than benefits, then orthodontic braces should help you correct your bite at the time of the push.
Splints: Dental splints are placed on the maxillary or mandibular teeth to modify the bite occlusion by relaxing the jaw muscles. Splints are also useful for preventing fractures and chipping of teeth and are not only used for the treatment of dental occlusions.
What to expect from the treatment of a malocclusion?
Minor changes : Some patients only need a change in the edges of their teeth to better fit a decent bite, also known as balance . This is very minimally invasive and changes little through minor dental procedures.
Dental Damage : If you have a more acute problem, your dental professional can take steps to provide you with a quality restoration. Implants, bridges and crowns are often used to repair dental damage.
The structure of the bite itself :. This is a type of long-term treatment that usually uses braces that put your teeth in the right position over time.
Adjustment of an existing dental treatment : When installing a new crown, partial denture, bridge or dental implant restoration, the opposite of good occlusion may be induced, requiring additional adjustments to the restorations themselves or to neighbouring teeth.