Even if there are no apparent problems, it is important to see your dentist regularly. These check-ups will allow him or her to perform preventive care, such as scaling, and to quickly diagnose dental problems. Some dental lesions, taken in time, are simple to treat. The longer you wait, the more your teeth will be affected.
There are different types of cavities:
- Coronal cavities - the most common type in children and adults. They are most often found on the top (or bottom for upper teeth) and between the teeth.
- Root caries - As we age, the gums may regress and expose part of the tooth root. The absence of protective enamel promotes carious damage.
- Recurrent cavities - Cavities can form around fillings and crowns: plaque tends to accumulate in these areas and trigger the development of cavities.
Adults are more susceptible to cavities if they suffer from dry mouth (lack of saliva). Dry mouth can be caused by disease, medications, radiation therapy, chemotherapy; it can be temporary (a few days or months) or permanent, depending on its etiology.
When the decay is not very advanced, the aim of the treatment is to preserve the pulp and keep the tooth alive. After carefully removing the decay, the dentist will place a composite cement of the same colour as the tooth. The dentist will reconstruct the shape of the tooth and there will be no trace of the decay. A more recent technique is to use small blocks of metal or resin called inlays to reshape the tooth. They are made from an impression of the tooth.
Cavity care is now most often performed with local anaesthesia. Your dental surgeon may use several different anaesthetic techniques so that no pain is felt during the treatment. Devitalization of the tooth If a cavity is not treated, it can destroy the tooth and reach the nerve, which can lead to an abscess, an area of infection at the end of the root. Once an abscess develops, it can only be treated by devitalization, surgery or by removing the tooth. Devitalization is performed under local anesthesia.
If a cavity is left untreated, it can destroy the tooth and reach the nerve, which can lead to an abscess, an area of infection at the end of the root. Once an abscess develops, it can only be treated by devitalization, surgery or by removing the tooth. Devitalization is performed under local anesthesia.